Reviewed by: the ADCES Professional Practice Committee
Acknowledgements: Carla Cox, PhD, RD, CDE, CPT; Karen M. Bolderman, RD, LDN, CDE; Gary Scheiner, MS, CDE; Claire M. Blum, MS Ed, RN, CDE; Gwen Klinkner, MS, RN, APRN, BC-ADM, CDE; Janet Mertz, MS, RD, LD, CDE. Revisions: January 2018: Diana Isaacs, PharmD, BCPS, BC-ADM, CDE, Diane Battaglia, RN, CDE, Carla Cox, PhD, RD, CDE, CPT. Revisions: March 2021: Carla Cox, PhD, RDN, CDCES, CPT
Insulin pump start-up education (“pump training”) takes 1-3 hours and should be done in an outpatient setting, such as the prescriber/specialist’s office. Pump manufacturers employ or contract with healthcare professionals (RDs, RNs and PharmDs) who are usually CDCES certified by the pump manufacturer as a certified pump trainer (CPT). CPTs provide pump training services, following the prescribing physician’s pump start orders.
The prescriber is responsible for providing/signing off on pump start orders to the diabetes care and education specialist or designated pump trainer assigned to provide the pump start-up training.
The specialist should carefully set the pump startup date, assuring that the individual’s first few weeks of pump therapy are planned during “normal routine” days, avoiding situations or conditions that may adversely affect blood glucose levels or interfere with the establishment of basal rates.9
Start-up orders should be provided to the individual several days in advance and should include:
The pump wearer must also learn the technical components of their pump, including how to:
Specific instructions for follow-up and management during the first few weeks after pump start-up should include: Frequent SMBG, i.e. minimum of four to five times per day, i.e. 3:00 a.m., fasting, before each meal, 2 hours after meals and bedtime.
All SMBG readings should be entered into the pump. Generally, CGM glucose data should also be entered into the system, however there is one system at this writing that auto inserts the glucose reading and incorporates the data into the delivery system without input from the user.
A follow-up visit should occur within one week after start-up. This allows for the opportunity to review and observe an infusion set or pod site change, remove pump syringe/cartridge, filling and insertion. The individual should be in contact with the prescriber or CDCES/CPT within2-4 weeks after the pump start-up for a review of insulin pump download data including glucose, dosing, compliance with infusion site changes, alarms and any overriding of the automated system. Review of infusion set sights and options should also occur.
Non-programmable insulin patch pumps are also available. These systems have a fixed basal rate (different rates available) along with an option for bolus delivery. The dosing is not integrated into the pump but is at the discrepancy of the wearer. Data from these pumps is not downloadable at this time.
1. Bergenstal R, Tamorlane W, Ahmann A et al. Effectiveness of sensor-augmented insulin-pump therapy in type 1 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2010:363:311-320. 2. Bally L, Hood T and Hovorka R. Closed-loop for type 1 diabetes-an introduction and appraisal for the generalist. BMC Medicine. 2-17:15:14. Accessed 8/26/2017/ 3. Heinemann L, Fleming G, Petrie J et al. Insulin Pump Risks and Benefits: A Clinical Appraisal of Pump Safety Standards, Adverse Event Reporting, and Research Needs A Joint Statement of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association Diabetes Technology Working Group. Diabetes Care 2015;38:716–722. 4. Grunberger G, Abelseth J, Bailey T, et al. (2014) Consensus Statement by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists/American College of Endocrinology Insulin Pump Management Task Force. Endocrine Practice: 2014:20(5) 463-489. 5. 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